Impro-Visor Tutorial


keyed to Impro-Visor Version 4 and later

 

Bob Keller

Harvey Mudd College

19 February 2010

 

Table of Contents (also hyperlinks)

  1. Copyright and Trademark
  2. Acknowledgment
  3. Support
  4. Purpose
  5. Downloading
  6. Before Installing
  7. Releases
  8. Installing
  9. No-Installer Version
  10. Release Folder Contents
  11.  Launching
  12. Splash Screen
  13.  Initial Leadsheet Screen
  14.  Loading a Leadsheet
  15.  More Leadsheets
  16.  Playing a Leadsheet
  17. Playing with Count-In
  18. Tempo Slider
  19. Playback Location Slider
  20. Tracker Delay
  21.  Got Sound?
  22. Playback Transpose
  23. Positioning the Cursor on the Staff
  24.  Slots
  25.  Changing the Slot Spacing
  26.  Selection
  27.  Playing Just the Selection
  28.  Playing From Selection to End
  29.  Looping Playback
  30.  Entering Notes
  31.  Controlling Volume and Muting
  32.  Entering Shorter Notes
  33.  Note Beaming
  34.  Parallax Correction
  35.  Making Corrections
  36.  Note Coloration

 

  1.  Simple vs. Harmonic Note Entry
  2.  Undo and Redo
  3.  Selecting Slots w/o Entering Notes
  4.  Summary of Selection Sequences
  5.  Selecting or Unselecting Everything
  6.  Adding Rests
  7.  Lengthening Notes
  8.  Moving a Bunch of Notes
  9.  Transposing a Bunch of Notes
  10.  Harmonic Transposition
  11.  Uniform Transposition
  12.  Melody Drawing
  13.  Transposing Chords
  14.  Toggling Enharmonics
  15.  Copying, Cutting and Pasting Melodies
  16.  Cutting and Pasting Across Leadsheets
  17.  Entering Chords
  18.  Irregular Spacing of Chords
  19.  Slash Chords and Polychords
  20.  Copying Chords Leadsheet to Text
  21.  Copying, Cutting, and Pasting Chords
  22.  Cutting and Pasting Chords with Melody
  23.  Entering Melody Textually
  24.  Copying Melody Leadsheet to Text
  25.  Textual Editing An Entire Leadsheet
  26.  Entering Melody from MIDI Keyboard
  27.  Step Entry from a MIDI Keyboard
  28.  Key Signature
  29.  Time Signature
  30.  Adding Choruses
  31.  Removing Choruses
  32.  Titling Choruses
  33.  Changing the Number of Measures
  34.  Adjust Measures in One Stave
  35.  Freezing and Thawing the Layout
  36.  Specifying the Layout
  1. Starting a Fresh Leadsheet
  2. Opening Another Leadsheet
  3.  Saving an Open Leadsheet
  4.  Exporting MusicXML
  5.  Exporting MIDI Files
  6.  Getting Advice
  7.  Scale Choices
  8.  Cell Choices
  9.  Idiom Choices
  10.  Lick Choices
  11.  Rectification
  12.  Saving licks
  13.  Generating Licks
  14.  Grammar Choices
  15.  User Preferences
  16.  Global settings
  17.  Leadsheet settings
  18.  Chorus settings
  19.  Style settings
  20.  MIDI settings
  21.  Drawing settings
  22.  Lick Generator Settings
  23.  Grammar Editor
  24.  Grammar Learning
  25.  Solo Generator
  26.  Style editor
  27.  Piano-Roll Style Pattern Editor
  28.  Bass Bar Editor
  29. Style Extractor
  30. Chord Voicing Editor
  31. Conclusion
  32. Glossary
  33. Keystroke Summary
  34. Scale Vocabulary
  35. Chord Vocabulary

 

 


1.     Copyright and Trademark Information

 

 


2.    Acknowledgment

 

 

 


3.    Support

 



http://launch.groups.yahoo.com/group/impro-visor/

 

 


4.   Purpose

 

 

 


5.   Downloading

 

There are only two official sources for the software:

 

http://sourceforge.net/projects/impro-visor/

 

 

 

 

http://launch.groups.yahoo.com/group/impro-visor/

 

Go the Files > Software Distribution folder

 


6.   Before Installing

 

 

 

 


7.   Releases

*Windows

*MacOS X

*Linux

*Generic (any Java Platform, no installer)

 

 


8.   Installing

a.     Double-click the installer to install.

b.    The installer will take you through the necessary steps.

 

c.     Once you have installed, Impro-Visor is launched by the Dog icon.

 

d.    Do not try launching by running the installer again.

 


9.   The No-Installer Version

      There is a generic version packaged as a .zip file.

      This version does not include an installer or launcher.

      Java 1.5 or later is still required.

      Once the files have been unzipped, double-click the improvisor.jar file to launch, or launch from a command-line:

              java –jar improvisor.jar

 

 


10.         Release Folder Contents

 

A release folder typically contains these items:

LICENSE.txt

copy of the license

README.txt

general information

Impro-Visor

launcher

uninstaller

 

Improvisor.jar

(launched by java, or by double-click)

leadsheets

leadsheet files

styles

style files

vocab

vocabulary files needed to run the program

styleExtract

sample for style extraction

 


11.         Launching

 

To launch the program, double-click the Impro-Visor dog icon, or the .jar file if you are using the no-installer version.


12.         Splash Screen

Once Impro-Visor has been launched, the splash screen shown indicates that Impro-Visor is loading the vocabulary and style information.

 

Impro-VisorSplash Screen

 


13.         Initial Leadsheet Screen

The initial main screen shows a blank leadsheet. A leadsheet consists of a single melody line with chord symbols above. There is an option to use bass clef, or a grand staff with two clefs.

A blank leadsheet

 


14.         Loading a Leadsheet

  1. From File > Open (or key control-o) select file _tutorial.ls

 

  1. The result should appear as shown below.

 

  1. The chord symbols are F13, Bb13, Bo7, etc.

 

  1. The notes are the melody line.

 

A partially-complete leadsheet

 


15.         More Leadsheets

 


16.         Playing a Leadsheet

  1. Check your sound by playing the leadsheet:

  2. Press key i or this button
            
    to play from the start.

  3. To stop playing, press key k or the button
            

 


17.         Playing with a Count-In

 

 

Count-in check box


18.         Tempo Slider

 

Control the tempo by using the slider provided, or simply type in the number of beats per minute.

 

Tempo slider

 


19.         Playback Location Slider

 

 

Playback Location Slider


20. Tracker Delay

 


Tracker delay field

 


21.          Got Sound?

    1. Check that your volume is turned up and not on mute.
    2. Check your Audio/MID control panel.

 

 

Use Mandolane for external MIDI on MacOS X

 


22. Playback Transpose

 


Playback transposition field

 


23.  Positioning the Cursor on the Staff

 

As you move the mouse over the staves, you will note a some vertical lines become highlighted, and there are brackets beneath, as shown:

 

Slot display


24.          Slots

 

 


25.  Changing the Slot Spacing

 

1,2,3,4,5,6, and 8 slot spacing settings.
The brackets on top are the triplet brackets. The brackets below show the slot spacing.

 


26.          Selection

 

 

Selection highlighted

 


27.         Playing Just the Selection, or from the Selection to the End of Chorus

 

 

 


28.          Playing from the Selection to the End of Chorus

 

To play from the start of the selection to the end of the chorus, press shift-return.

 


29.          Looping Playback

 

 

 

 

Toggling the Loop button

 


30.          Entering Notes Using the Mouse

 

To enter a note using the mouse, click somewhere on the stave near the first slot in a bar. You should get a note something like the following:

 

First note clicked (bar 9)

 


31.          Controlling Sound Volume and Muting

 

Mute button and volume control

 

Mixer panel open button

 

 

Mixer panel

 


32.         Entering Shorter Notes

 

 

One note clicked in

 

 

Several notes clicked in

 


33.  Making corrections

 

Pitches were modified, but durations remain the same.

 


34. Note Beaming

 

 

      

 

Toggling note beaming

 

 


35.  Note Entry Parallax Correction

 

 

Parallax field

 


36.  Note Coloration

 

 

                 

 

Toggling note coloration

 

 

Note Coloration Default Options

Color

Name

Meaning

Black

Chord-tone

The note is in the current chord.

Green

Color-tone

The note is not in the current chord, but is complementary and compatible with it.

Blue

Approach tone

The note is not one of the above, but approaches a note in one of the above categories chromatically. This is a common device used in jazz.

Red

Other

This note is not one of the above. If it is a short note, it might be acceptable as a passing tone or neighboring tone. If long, it might suggest reconsideration, as it will tend to make an aural statement.

 

 

 

 

 


37.  Simple vs. Harmonic Note Entry

 

 

 

 

 

Toggling simple vs. harmonic note entry

 


38.  Undo and Redo

 

Another way to make corrections is to use the undo feature.

 


39.          Selecting a Slot Without Entering a Note

 

1.     Hold the shift key and click on the slot, which extends the selection to that slot, then

2.    Click again.

 

Step 1.: shift-click on e slot extends the existing selection to that slot.

 

Step 2.: shift-click reduces the selection to a single slot.

 

 


40.  Summary of Selection Sequences

 

Keystroke

Effect

click without shift

enters a note

shift-click,
with no
current selection

selects a slot, without entering a note

shift-click,
outside
current selection

extends selection to the slot on which you clicked

shift-click,
inside
current selection

selects just one slot, without entering a note

 


41.   Selecting or Unselecting Everything

 

 

Keystroke

Effect

escape

un-selects everything

control-a

select all slots

 


42.  Adding Rests

 

 

The figure below shows a rest added where the e had been.

 

Adding a rest using the r key.

 

 


43.          Lengthening Notes

 

To lengthen a note, taking away the time from the note that follows, select the note, then press the x key.

 

x key is pressed.

Lengthening a note, by taking time from the note that follows.

 

 

 

Keystroke

Effect

r

put a rest in the selected slot

shift-control-click

select a slot and put a rest there

x

remove the note, adding its duration to the previous note

 


44.          Moving a Bunch of Notes

 

 

 

Notes to be moved are selected

 

 

 

Dragging notes right                                  Dragging notes left

 


45.         Transposing a Bunch of Notes

 

Notes can be transposed uniformly up or down by dragging.

 

 

 

 

Dragging notes up or down

 


46.          Harmonic Transposition Using Key Strokes

 

 

Notes before harmonic transposition up.

 

 

 

Notes after harmonic transposition up.

 

 

Notes after harmonic transposition down.

 

 

 


47.          Uniform Transposition Using Key Strokes

 

A second way to transpose is uniform transposition, in which notes all transposed the same amount

 

 

 

Notes after uniform transposition up a semitone.

 

Keystroke

Effect

t

transpose selected notes up an octave

g

transpose selected down up an octave

e

transpose selected notes up a half-step

d

transpose selected notes down a half-step

shift-t

transpose selected notes up harmonically

shift-g

transpose selected notes down harmonically

shift-R

rectify the selection (bring in line with the harmony)

 


48.          Melody Drawing Feature

 

      The Drawing feature allows a melody to be drawn on the screen.

      It is automatically adjusted to conform to chords and scales.

      Thus this is a feature that could be used by the musically unsophisticated to draw a melodic line with a particular shape.

      To use it, click the button with the pencil icon:


 

Drawing button

 

      Then drag the mouse over the part of the staff at which a melody is desired, moving up and down as you go.

      The notes are determined by the slot spacing.

 

Drawing a melody with the mouse

 

 


49.         Transposing Chords

 

To transpose chords, or chords and melody:

 

Keystroke

Effect

shift-E

transpose chords up a half-step

shift-D

transpose chords down a half-step

control-e

transpose chords and melody up a half-step

control-d

transpose chords and melody down a half-step

 


50.         Toggling Enharmonics

 

 

Before toggling enharmonics

 

After toggling enharmonics



 

Keystroke

Effect

space

toggle enharmonics of all notes in selection

shift-space

toggle enharmonics of all chords in selection

control-space

toggle enharmonics of all chords and notes in selection

 


51.  Copying, Cutting and Pasting Melodies:

To copy a melody and paste it somewhere else on the sheet:

  1. Select the notes to be copied.
  2. Press the c key (for copy).
  3. Select the starting slot where you wish to paste the melody.
  4. Press the v key (standard abbreviation for pasting).
  5. Use the x key instead of c if you wish to cut the original selection.

 

Cutting, copying, and pasting is also achievable by the following three buttons, respectively:

 

Cut, copy, and paste buttons



 

 

Keystroke

Effect

c

copy melody (to invisible clipboard)

v

paste copied melody (from invisible clipboard)

x

cut melody (and copy to invisible clipboard)

 

 

Keystroke

Effect

j

copy melody selection to text area

b

paste melody in text area onto leadsheet at selected slot

 


52.         Cutting and Pasting Across Leadsheets

 

 

 


53.          Entering Chords

 

 

Two bars of a leadsheet

 

 

 

 

Two bars of a leadsheet, with new chords entered

 

 

 


54.          Irregular Spacing of Chords

 


Uneven chord distribution

 

Uneven chord distribution in ¾ time

 

Duplet chord distribution in ¾ time

 

 

 


55.          Slash Chords and Polychords

 

 


56.          Copying Chords from the Leadsheet Back to the Textual Entry

 

 

 

 


57.         Cutting and Pasting Chords

 

To copy, cut, and paste chords from the leadsheet,

Keystroke

Effect

shift-C

copy chords (to invisible clipboard)

shift-V

paste copied chords (from invisible clipboard)

shift-X

cut chords (and copy to invisible clipboard)

shift-J

copy chords from selection to text area

shift-B

paste chords from text area to current slot

 


58.          Cutting and Pasting Chords with Melody

 

To copy, cut, and paste chords and melody together from the leadsheet:

 

Keystroke

Effect

control-c

copy chords and melody (to invisible clipboard)

control-v

paste copied chords and melody (from invisible clipboard)

control-x

cut chords and melody (and copy to invisible clipboard)

control-j

copy chords and melody from selection to text area

control-b

paste chords and melody from text area to current slot

 


59.          Entering Melody Textually

 

       a pitch designator (a, b, c, d, e, f, g) possibly followed by an accidental (#, b) for sharp and flat.

       an optional octave designator (+, ++, +++, -, --, ---) for octaves above or below the octave including middle C and above. The default is the octave just mentioned.

       an optional duration designator (4 for quarter note, 8 for eighth note, etc.) with + being used to add durations. The default is an eighth note.

 

For example, entering the following melody as text, with the selection starting at bar 10


Using textual entry for melody

 

produces

Melody entered textually

 

A good way to learn the textual notation is to read some existing melodies from the available leadsheets.

 


60.          Copying Melody from Leadsheet to Textual Entry

 

 

      To transfer both selected chords and melody to the leadsheet from the textual entry, use Control-b, and to transfer back, use Control-j.

 


61.          Textual Editing An Entire Leadsheet

 

Leadsheet Textual Editor Window

 


62.         Entering Melody from a MIDI Keyboard

 

 

 

Record button

 

 


63.         Step Entry from a MIDI Keyboard

 

 

 

Step entry button

 

 

Use your own MIDI keyboard

 


64.         Setting the Key Signature

 

 

Drag up or down here to change key signature

  


65.         Setting the Time Signature

 

Drag up or down here to change time signature

 

 


66.         Adding Choruses

 

Button for adding a new chorus

 

 


67.         Removing Choruses

 

 

Button for deleting the current chorus

 


 

Chorus deletion dialog

 

 

Chorus tabs

 

 


68.         Titling Individual Choruses

 

 

 

Showing chorus title entry on the leadsheet

The composer can be specified immediately below.

The title appear in the tab.

 

 

 


69.          Changing the Number of Measures in All Choruses

 

 

 

Chorus truncation dialog

 

 


70.          Adjusting the Number of Measures in One Stave

 

 

 

The control-click popup contents

 

 



Single-line measure adjustment

 

 


71.         Freezing and Thawing the Layout

 

 

    

 

Toggling to freeze or thaw the layout

 


72.         Specifying the Layout

 

You can also specify the layout explicitly in the Chorus preference menu:

Chorus layout adjustment

 

 


73.          Starting a Fresh Leadsheet

 

 


74.          Opening Another Existing Leadsheet

 

 


75.          Saving an Open Leadsheet

 

 

 

Leadsheet save-as dialog

 


76.          Exporting MusicXML

 

 


77.          Exporting MIDI Files

 

 


78.          Getting Advice

 

 

 

 

Select first slot in bar 11

 

Advice icon

 

 

.

Top-level advice menu

 

 

 

Notes tab of the advice menu


79.          Scale Choices

 

 

Scales tab of the advice menu

 

 

F Lydian dominant scale

 


80.          Cell Choices

 

 

Cells for the F13 chord

 

 

A simple cell from the vocabulary


81.          Idiom Choices

 

 

A blues idiom from the vocabulary

 


82.          Lick Choices

 

 

Licks menu for selected chords

 

A two-chord lick from the vocabulary

 

 

 


83.          Rectification

 

 

 

A lick that does not quite fit the chord progression

 

Rectified lick

  

 


84.         Saving Licks, etc.

 

 

 

Lick-saving dialog

 

 

 

 

Keystroke

Effect

u

save lick, quote, cell, idiom

 

Category

Meaning

Cell

small sequences of notes, often of uniform duration, such as eighth notes. Cells are indexed in Impro-Visor by just the first chord in the selection.

Idiom

familiar-sounding sequences. As with cells, they are also indexed by just the first chord.

Lick

tend to be more complex sequences. Licks are indexed by the first two chords, or the first chord if there is only one.

Quote

a melodic fragment from a known tune or solo. As with licks, they are indexed by up to two chords. I suggest naming quotes using the tune from which they are taken.

  

Duplicate lick or quote warning

 

 


85.          Generating Licks

 

 

Lick generate button

 


86.          Grammar Choices

 

 

Grammar Menu

 

 


87.          User Preferences

 

 

 

Preferences button

 

 

Keystroke

Effect

p

Open the preference dialog.

 

 


88.  Global Settings

 

 

Global preferences

 

 


89.  Leadsheet Settings
 

 

Leadsheet preferences

 

 


90.  Chorus Settings

 

 

Chorus preferences

 

 


91.   Style Settings

 

Style settings

 

 


92.  MIDI Settings

 

MIDI settings

 

 


93.  Drawing Settings

 

Contour settings


94.         Lick Generator Settings

 

      The lick generator controls are in a separate panel, which can be opened by clicking the right-hand light bulb button.:

 

 

Lick-generator opening button

      The lick generator panel opens with lots of buttons and numbers, but you can ignore most of them for starters.

 

Lick-generator control panel

 

 

      The Generate Melody button operates the same as the Generate button in the main window.

      With the control panel open, pressing Generate will fill the field called Abstract Melody.

      The actual melody is derived from the abstract melody.

      Once an abstract melody is present, it can be re-filled using Fill Abstract Melody, which means the rhythmic values will stay the same, but the pitches may be different.

 


95.  Grammar Editor

      From the File menu in the Lick Generator panel, one can open the grammar editor.

      At present, grammar editing is based on editing text.

      You can read about grammars in our various technical papers.

      A better description is forthcoming.

 

Grammar editor, showing the default grammar (My grammar)

 

 


96.  Grammar Learning

 

Grammar learning tab

 


97.  Solo Generator

 

Solo generator tab

 

 


98.  Style Editor

 

Style editor spreadsheet

 

 


99.  Piano-Roll Style Pattern Editor

 

 

Piano roll style pattern editor

 


100.        Bass Bar Editor

      Bass means the root of the chord

      Repeat means the previous pitch repeated

      Chord tone means an arbitrary tone from the chord

      Scale tone means a tone from the first scale associated with the chord

      Approach tone means a chromatic half-step away from a chord tone in the next chord

      Next measure means to anticipate the pitch in the next measure (used for tumbao bass, for example)

      Pitch means a specific pitch, based on a scale degree of the first scale associated with the chord

      The direction for a pitch indicates the relative direction from the previous note

 

 

Bass bar editor

 


101.        Style Extractor

 

 

Style Extractor Control Panel

 


102.       Chord Voicing Editor

 

Chord voicing editor

 

 

 

Piano keyboard for visualizing or entering voicings

 

 


103.       Conclusion

 

 

 


104.       Glossary

 

Glossary of Impro-Visor Terminology

Term

Meaning

advice

Suggestions for melodies that can be played over given chords.

approach tone

A tone not in a chord that is adjacent to a tone that is in the chord.

bar

A colloquial term for a measure of music.

cell

A small melodic fragment aligned with one chord.

chord symbol

A somewhat standardized notation for representing chords with a few characters.

chorus

One time through the chord changes of a piece.

clipboard

A metaphor designating a place off-screen to which content is copied.

color tone

A tone not in a chord but compatible with the sound of the chord.

dialog

A user interface feature for entering information, such as preferences.

freeze

To set the numbers of measures per line in a leadsheet.

harmonic entry

Entering notes that are aligned to the current chord, rather than chromatically.

idiom

A familiar jazz melodic fragment aligned with one chord.

jar

A file type, standing for Java archive.

leadsheet

A sheet with chord symbols and a melody line, which can be used to represent a song or a solo over the chords.

lick

A short melodic fragment aligned with one or two chords.

meta-data

Data that is not melody or chords directly, but which provides additional information, such as key signature, time signature, etc.

MIDI

Musical Instrument Digital Interface

mixer

A device that combines several sound tracks together in specified volumes.

NC

Abbreviation for No Chord.

parallax

The change of apparent location depending on viewing angle.

pickup

A note or a few notes placed before the downbeat of a melody.

polychord

A chord constructed of one smaller chord stacked atop another, such as a triad over a dominant chord. Polychords are noted using the back-slash \ in Impro-Visor. See also slash chord.

quote

A melodic fragment from a familiar song or solo.

rectify

To align a melody to be consistent with a chord sequence.

slash chord

A chord consisting of a chord and a specific bass note, which may or may note be in the original chord. In Impro-Visor, slash chords are indicated with /. See also polychord.

slot

A symbolic time at which a chord or melody note can be played. Impro-Visor currently has 120 slots per beat. A subset of the slots typically shows within the beat at a given time.

style

A specification of how the accompaniment (chords, bass, percussion) are generated.

thaw

To unset the numbers of measures per line in a leadsheet, leaving those numbers open to dynamic adjustment.

transpose

To raise or lower the pitch of all notes or chords in a selection.

vocabulary

A file containing the specification of musical material, such as scales, chords, licks, etc.

voicing

The order in which the various notes of a chord are stacked.

 

 


105.       Keystroke Summary

 

Area

Stroke

Effect

Playback

k

stops (kills) the playback

i

starts playback from the beginning

Select all of chorus

escape

un-selects everything

control-a

select all slots

Add rest

r

put a rest in the selected slot

shift-control-click

select a slot and put a rest there

Transposition

t

transpose selected notes up an octave

g

transpose selected down up an octave

e

transpose selected notes up a half-step

d

transpose selected notes down a half-step

w

transpose selected notes up harmonically

s

transpose selected notes down harmonically

shift-E

transpose chords up a half-step

shift-D

transpose chords down a half-step

control-e

transpose chords and melody up a half-step

control-d

transpose chords and melody down a half-step

Rectification and other edits

shift-R

rectify the selection (bring in line with the harmony)

/

reverse the selected melody

\

invert the selected melody

Enharmonics

space

toggle enharmonics of all notes in selection

shift-space

toggle enharmonics of all chords in selection

control-space

toggle enharmonics of all chords and notes in selection

Undo/Redo

z

undo last action

y

redo last undone action

Licks

control-u

generate lick

u

save lick, quote, cell, idiom

Cut/Paste/Copy

c

copy melody (to invisible clipboard)

v

paste copied melody (from invisible clipboard)

x

cut melody (and copy to invisible clipboard)

j

copy melody selection to text area

b

paste melody in text area onto leadsheet at selected slot

shift-C

copy chords (to invisible clipboard)

shift-V

paste copied chords (from invisible clipboard)

shift-X

cut chords (and copy to invisible clipboard)

shift-J

copy chords from selection to text area

shift-B

paste chords from text area to current slot

control-c

copy chords and melody (to invisible clipboard)

control-v

paste copied chords and melody (from invisible clipboard)

control-x

cut chords and melody (and copy to invisible clipboard)

control-j

copy chords and melody from selection to text area

control-b

paste chords and melody from text area to current slot

Editors

control-f

open the textual leadsheet editor

control-y

open the style editor

p

open the preference dialog

Files

control-n

open a new leadsheet window

control-o

open a new file in the current window

control-s

save the current file

control-w

save the current file, specifying the name

control-r

revert the current file from the saved copy

control-p

print the leadsheet

control-q

quit Impro-Visor

 

 


106.       Scale Vocabulary

 

 

altered

arabian

augmented

augmented heptatonic

balinese

bebop

bebop dominant

bebop locrian

bebop major

bebop minor

blues

chinese

composite blues

diminished

diminished whole tone

dominant

dorian

dorian augmented

double harmonic lydian

double harmonic major

egyptian

enigmatic

flamenco

 

flat six pentatonic

flat three pentatonic

gypsy

harmonic major

harmonic minor

hindu

hirajoshi

hungarian minor

in-sen

indian

ionian pentatonic

iwato

kafi raga

kumoi

kumoijoshi

leading whole tone

locrian

locrian major

locrian pentatonic

locrian#2

lydian

lydian #5 pentatonic

lydian augmented

lydian dominant

lydian dominant pentatonic

lydian minor

lydian pentatonic

lydian pentatonic

major

major blues

major flat two pentatonic

major pentatonic

malkos raga

melodic minor

melodic minor fifth mode

melodic minor second mode

minor #7 pentatonic

minor bebop

minor blues

minor hexatonic

minor pentatonic

minor seven flat five pentatonic

minor six diminished

minor six pentatonic

mixolydian

mixolydian pentatonic

mystery #1

neopolitan major

neopolitan major pentatonic

neopolitan minor

oriental

pelog

pentatonic

persian

phrygian

piongio

pomeroy

prometheus

purvi raga

ritusen

romanian minor

scriabin

spanish

spanish heptatonic

super locrian

super locrian pentatonic

todi raga

vietnamese 1

vietnamese 2

whole tone

whole tone pentatonic

 


107.       Chord Vocabulary

 

Symbol

Meaning

M

Major

m or _

Minor

o

Diminished

sus

Suspended (4 by default)

7, 9, 11, 13

Dominant if used alone

 

 

Here is the full list of chords in the vocabulary as I write this.

 

+

+7

+add#9

+add9

11

11b9

13

13#11

13#9

13#9#11

13b5

13b9

13b9#11

13no5

13sus

13sus4

2

4

5

6

6#11

67

69

6b5

7

7#11

7#11b13

7#5

7#5#9

7#5b9

7#5b9#11

7#5sus4

7#9

7#9#11

7#9#11b13

7#9b13

7+

7add13

7add6

7alt

7aug

7b13

7b5

7b5#9

7b5b13

7b5b9

7b5b9b13

7b6

7b9

7b9#11

7b9#11b13

7b9#9

7b9b13

7b9b13#11

7b9b13sus4

7b9sus

7b9sus4

7b9sus4

7no5

7sus

7sus4

7sus4b9

7sus4b9b13

7susb9

9

9#11

9#11b13

9#5

9#5#11

9+

9b13

9b5

9b5b13

9no5

9sus

9sus4

Bass

Blues

M#5

M#5add9

M13

M13#11

M6

M6#11

M69

M69#11

M6b5

M7

M7#11

M7#5

M7#5sus4

M7#9#11

M7+

M7add13

M7b5

M7b6

M7b9

M7sus4

M9

M9#11

M9#5

M9#5sus4

M9b5

M9sus4

Madd9

Maj#5

Maj13

Maj13#11

Maj7

Maj7#11

Maj7#5

Maj9

Maj9#11

Maj9#5

Mb5

Mb6

Msus2

Msus4

add2

add9

add9no3

addb9

aug

aug7

dim

dim7

h11

h7

h9

m

m#5

m+

m11

m11#5

m11b5

m13

m6

m69

m6b5

m7

m7#5

m7add11

m7add4

m7b5

m9

m9#5

m9b5

mM7

mM7b6

mM9

mM9b6

mMaj7

mMaj7b6

mMaj9

mMaj9b6

madd4

madd9

maj#5

maj13

maj13#11

maj7

maj7#11

maj7#5

maj9

maj9#11

maj9#5

mb5

mb6

mb6M7

mb6b9

o

o7

o7M7

oM7

phryg

sus

sus2

sus24

sus4

susb9

        

 

 This is the end, for now. Thank you for using Impro-Visor.