US Equal Employment Laws and Regulations

This page contains pointers to information about US federal equal employment laws and regulations which may be relevant to academics and researchers in computer science (or similar fields).

I am not an expert on this topic. I have simply collected pointers from federal government pages. If you have additional information or corrections, please tell me (

Note that CFR stands for "Code of Federal Regulations."

General pointers

Useful places to begin a search through the federal government web pages:

The House of Representatives maintains an Internet Law Library , which is a comprehensive guide containing a wide selection of US federal laws and documents, as well as various similar documents for states, other countries, and international law.

Enforcement Agencies

Equal employment laws are enforced by a variety of federal agencies. Particularly relevant ones include:

Discrimination by race, color, religion, sex, national origin

A number of federal laws and regulations prohibit discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin, both by the federal government itself and by organizations receiving various types of federal financial assistance or government contracts. These include:

Summaries of these laws by enforcement agencies include

Age Discrimination

At least two laws prohibit discrimination on the basis of age. For employment, the relevant law is the The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 (Public Law (PL) 90-202) which applies only to people at least 40 years of age. For participants in programs or activities receiving federal financial assistance, the relevant law is the Age Discrimination Act (ADA) of 1975, which applies to people of all ages.

Medical Leave, Disabilities

The Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 (Public Law 103-3)

The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (P.L. 101-336) (see also related information from the Department of Justice)

Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended (29 U.S.C. 794)

Section 503 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, amended

Minimum wage, overtime/working hours

We appear not to be covered by the minimum wage and overtime laws. See the Department of Labor fact sheet.

This page is maintained by Margaret Fleck.